Through the whole of the story Jekyll sets out to achieve one goal: to try and separate his good and evil sides. He wants to prove that his friend, Dr Lanyon, and could be called his rival when forgetting their friendship, is wrong. In the final chapter of the book, titled: Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement of the Case’, refers to his life and the creation of Hyde. He talks about Hyde as if he were another person, having nothing to do with himself at all: ‘… I saw for the first time the appearance of Edward Hyde’.
The more important point to be made here is the idea that Jekyll wants to be famous. Examples would be the ways in which he refers to Hyde as being a discovery (‘had I approached my discovery in a more noble spirit’), and his over confident guess that others will follow in his footsteps: ‘Others will follow, others will outstrip me on the same lines’-if we look deeper into this sentence, it doesn’t just suggest Jekyll being first in a new branch of science, but also that he will be surpassed by cleverer and better thinking physicians than what he already is.
Jekyll also writes that he is quite sure that there is a duality in man, that man is not one, but two:’ It was on the moral side, and in my own person, that I learned to recognise the thorough and primitive duality of man’- proves that he has come to this conclusion by feeling that there is another evil side of him, hidden in his moral side (which will eventually become Hyde). A little further into the chapter, Jekyll describes his first transformation into Hyde. He says that he felt ‘a grinding in the bones’ and ‘a horror in the spirit that cannot be exceeded at the hour of birth or death’.
He most probably explains it in this way as when something happens for the first time, it brings with it a new effect, and this new effect will always be the strongest, as it is unexpected and unpredicted. Jekyll then goes on to write that he crossed the yard (‘where in the constellations looked down upon me’), and comments that he was ‘… a stranger in my own house’. This is very cleverly written, as although he is himself, he is on his evil side of his dual personality, which hasn’t yet been shown and therefore is considered a ‘stranger’, possibly not just to his house, but the whole of London.
After stepping into his room, Jekyll sees himself as Hyde, and says in his statement that Hyde looked less ‘robust’ and ‘developed’ than his good side, which he had just disposed of for the time being. Jekyll also studies that Hyde was ‘so much smaller, slighter and younger than Henry Jekyll’; nonetheless the evil still held a strong presence in Hyde-‘… evil was written broadly and plainly on the face… ‘- the reader gets the idea that Hyde is very different from Jekyll and is on to a much worse future, that Hyde will gradually interfere with Jekyll’s life, and Jekyll will lose control (which in fact he does).