The Bhagavad Gita The Bhagavad Gita is a conversation between Arjuna and Krishna. Arjuna is the brother of Yudhishthira and believes that his brother should be king of their kingdom, but Dhritarashtra, who is the blind king now, wants to give the kingdom to his son Duroydhana. Krishma is Arjuna’s charioteer who tries to push Arjuna to fight by telling him what all this means and does. Therefore, a battle is brought up, Arjuna’s members against Dhritarashtra’s members. When it becomes time to battle Arjuna freezes up and does not want to battle anymore because he says this battle is not worth it if he has to kill his own kin.
As the conversation goes on Krishma explains all his reasoning on why he thinks and knows Arjuna should go on with this battle against Dhritarashtra. At the end of the book the conversation ends by Krishma telling Arjuna he must choose a path of either good or evil. Arjuna finally understands and sees what his meaning in this battle is, so now he proceeds into battle. The historical context of The Bhagavad Gita dates back to the time period between 1700 and 700 B. C. when Hinduism came into effect. Hinduism is associated with the territory of India.
Hinduism portrayed gods intervening in political and military activity on a regular basis. The Bhagavad Gita is the most famous Hindu religious text. During this period of Hinduism Hindu kings were not only in charge of the secular administration, but also the administration of temple estates. Brahmins were the only supporting forces of king rulers they were expected to endorse the king’s authority. Hindus believe that gods have regularly intervened in human life and they believe in reincarnation of all living creatures, including gods.
Krishna is one of Hinduism’s important gods, who gained national recognition and was represented as blue/black gold. Each locality in city and village was knit together by religious shrines where personal prayer took place containing pictures and statues of the gods of the kind found in even the most humble home. The Bhagavad Gita summarizes many of the key doctrines of Hinduism. The Bhagavad Gita’s main characters are Arjuna and Krishna. Krishna was Arjuna’s charioteer going into battle against the blind king Dhritarashtra and his members and later on known to be the source of all deities and where ll the qualities of human beings come from. Arjuna and Krishna’s relationship became more deep and involved when Arjuna wanted to back down from the battle. Krishna became a counselor to Arjuna when he heard Arjuna say that he did not want to battle against Dhritarashtra if it meant killing and fighting against his own kin. Members one the other side consisted of Arjuna’s cousins, grandfathers, teachers, brothers, uncles, grandsons, in-laws, and friends; Duroydhana was his own cousin. Krishna tells Arjuna to “throw off this ignoble discouragement and arise like a fire that burns all before it” (Bhagavad Gita 9).
Krishna tells Arjuna what the importance of proper action is for its own sake regardless of praise or condemnation. Krishna reminds Arjuna that they key is fighting in the battle because it is right without concerns of its results or rewards. Krishna says that “for all things born in truth must die, and out of death in truth comes life. What Krishna is trying to tell Arjuna is that we were all meant to die even if we are good and even when we do die there will be more life because of our death, so you should not be sad or show sorrow because “there is no greater good for a warrior than to fight in a righteous war” (Bhagavad Gita 12).
Throughout the conversation of this book Krishna gives Arjuna more advice than he probably ever expected on why he should fight in this battle because of his Hindu religion and why it is his duty to lead the fight. According to Krishna, Arjuna should fight in this battle because he wants Arjuna to achieve wisdom. Krishna says that there are two kinds of wisdom, jnana yoga and karma yoga. He tells Arjuna that he is a false follower if he withdraws himself from action, “but ponders on their pleasures in his heart” (Bhagavad Gita 17).
Krishna tells Arjuna that the definition of a wise man is one who is not bothered by whether things are going to turn out good or bad, but more on how he works. He tells Arjuna that he is fighting to restore good in their kingdom and take out the evil in the kingdom. He explains to Arjuna that his reasoning of not wanting to fight his own family only will violate his honor and duty and cause him to sin according to his religion of Hinduism. Krishna believes that individuals should approach work free from ego. He goes on to say a “man whose work is pure attains indeed the Supreme” Bhagavad Gita 19). Those who work do not consider themselves as doing work, but as following the rules of the divine law and attaining final peace. Krishna explains that he who works for it to be done and not an earthly reward is he who is a Yogi. A Yogi is no man who surrenders not his earthly will. One who approaches should surrender all they have and only the body works for them; one is then free from sin. One who works has attained liberation, Free from all bonds, found peace and wisdom, their work is a holy sacrifice creating a pure man.
Overall, from The Bhagavad Gita I have learned that Hinduism is a way of living. The central idea around Hinduism is karma. One who is Hindu works towards self-realization, they accumulate karma then they work towards working it off. Even though they are working towards this pureness, one cannot complete it in a lifetime. Therefore, death is not something “bad” more like something “good” because after you are done working towards your self-realization then you are reborn through someone else to do the same.
In Hinduism there is believed to be a cycle of birth and death to be free from earthly life and remove all the karma. One who is stuck in their own ego will never reach the Gods, but those who achieve great wisdom through their work will be united with the Gods in the end. Hinduism asks for its followers to be Yogis, who are skillful in action. Through their action they achieve mediation and throughout their work they will find that meditation can be found in everything one does and will lead them through the right path to the deities.