Surrealism split into two groups in the 1930’s.These two groups were the Automatists and the Veristic Surrealists.Although they were similiar, they had many differances.
It was said that Automatism was the only type of surrealism accepted by critical reviews after the was (Aronson 125).The basis of each group was a different, but their stand points remained the same, The artists in the automatists group interpreted surrealism as reffering to a suppression of the consciousness in favor of the subconsciousness (Alder 209).This group was more focused on feeling than analysis.They understood automatism to be the automatic way in which the subconscious reach the conscience (Alder 209).
In plain words they didn’t focus on the real but feelings.Their paintings were far more abstract than the veristic. The idea of free expression of feelings had always dominated the the history of art.The automists on the other hand wanted nothing to do with it.They argued that images should not be burdened with “meaning”.
Focusing on the subconscious, the automatists, thought abstractionism was the only way to bring life to images.Following the Dada tradition, these artists also linked scandal, insult, and irrevernce toward the upper class with freedom.They continued to believe that lack of form was a way to rebel against them. Some famous painters in the Automatists group were: Yves Tanguy, Roberto Matta, and Joan Miro.Join Miro was a well renowed Automatist. He joined the surrealists in 1928.
Miro treated his empty canvas as a production.He would often work in layers, sometimes starting with washes and applying paint with sponges.Some of his most fomous work would be: The Ploughed Earth, The Harlequin Carnival, and Dog barking at the Moon. “By his ‘pure psychic automatism’ Miro might ‘pass…