The decision to reserve certain seats in India’s higher education institutions for “other backward classes” is to provide importance as well significance to the minority’s existence. The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act, 2006 received the assent of the President on 3-1-2007.
The Act provides for the reservation in admission of the students belonging to the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes of citizens, to certain Central Educational Institutions established, maintained or aided by the Central Government. The Act paves the way to start implementing the policy of reservations from the academic session of 2007.
The provision of the Act, inter-alia will not apply to (i) a Central Educational Institutions established in the tribal areas referred to in the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution; (ii) the institutions of excellence, research institutions, institutions of national and strategic importance specified in the Schedule to this Act; and (iii) the Minority Educational Institutions referred to in clause (1) of article 30 of the Constitution.