The steps taken for the environmental protection include co-ordination of actions of State governments, officers and other authorities laying down standards for the quality of environment, and the standards for emission or discharge of pollutants from various sources.
It is statutorily prohibited to discharge environment pollutant in excess of the prescribed standards, and so is the handling of hazardous substances except in accordance with the safety procedures.
The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 provides for immediate financial assistance to the victims of industrial accidents.
No other Supreme Court in the world has spent as much time and shown as much concern as the Supreme Court of India in addressing environmental issues. This may well be on account of the lethargic approach of the other two branches of the State in this regarding.
Public Interest Litigation proved to be an effective tool and citizens has legitimate access for approaching the Supreme Court and the High Courts to prevent damage to the environment.