Policy Topic Search and Selection Christine Villa HCS/455 November 14, 2011 Jim McManus Policy Topic Search and Selection Policy is describe as a strategy or procedure, as a political party, business, or government, planned to impact and influence resolutions, performances, and other affairs (Definition. net, 2011). Policies are established to make certain that guidelines are being pursued. The health care industry has many polices that guide them in providing efficient, effective and quality care for all patients. This paper will focus on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
The paper is subject to discuss both HIV/AIDS and the stakeholders affected by these viruses. The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is an epidemic that is still increasing today and continues to affect many countries around the world. HIV illness signifies a continuum of infection that starts with a concise severe retroviral disease that normally changes to a long-lasting and pathologically dormant infection. If treatment is not provided right away this disease in the end develops to immunodeficiency disease identified as AIDS.
If left untreated the period connecting the HIV Illness and the progression of AIDS fluctuates, alternating from a couple months to several years with a projected average period of roughly 11 years (CDC, 2011). Research displays that the viruses are taking an increasing toll on girls and women in the United States. The statistics showed women with AIDS rise 8% to 27% from 1985 to 2005 and these figures are even larger worldwide where half of the individuals affected with HIV or AIDS are women (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2007).
In addition to women with HIV and AIDS, African American women have an advanced progressive rate for the viruses than Caucasian women. Teenage girls between the ages of 13-19 make up a lesser portion of the HIV illness. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises regular HIV testing’s for women ages 13-64, and repeat testing for women who are at higher risk. The CDC also suggest that HIV testing be included in prenatal testing’s for all pregnant women, and- throughout the third trimester is suggested and for females at higher risk for acquiring HIV, except those patients who refuses to take the test (CDC, 2010).
HIV and AIDS is a global epidemic that affects individuals all around the world, especially women. Cases involving women with AIDS/HIV increased 8% in 1985 to 27% in 2005. Women diagnosed with AIDS are between the ages of 25 to 44. African American women tend to have a higher rate of HIV/AIDS than their Caucasian counterparts. Early identification of HIV is vital to guarantee that individuals are examined quickly for assessment, delivering medication and accompanying related support services and counseling to assist them in reducing their chances for spreading HIV to others. Reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Retrieved from http://www. cdc. gov/std/treatment/2010/specialpops. htm Definitions. net. (2011). Policy. Retrieved from http://www. definitions. net/definition/policy Kaiser Family Foundation. (2010). The Current State of the Global HIV/AIDS Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from http://www. kaiseredu. org/Tutorials-and-Presentations/Current-State-of-the-Global-HIV-AIDS-Epidemic. aspx Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007). Women and HIV/AIDS in the United States. Retrieved from http://www. kaiseredu. org/Tutorials-and-Presentations/Women-and-HIV-in-the-US. aspx