ABSTRACTIn this paper I will discuss the topics of malaria disease.
I willdiscuss the symptoms of malaria, the preventions of malaria, and thetreatment of malaria. In my conclusion I will sum up all the informationand who ever reads my paper will have a good understanding of this diseaseand the knowledge that if they ever come across this in their life timethey will be able to handle it will especially if they are going to be anurse. Most people in America don’t know much about this disease but it’sgood to know because our country has lots of people coming from all overthe world and as nurses we have to give care to these people and we shouldhave understanding about other disease that may not be so common in Americabut is around the world. One day it might be common in this country as wellby people bring it to this country so we should know about this serious andfatal disease. And then when you are infected by the virus you have to gettreated within the next 2 months but doesn’t mean that you will be showingsigns of the virusMalaria 3There are 2.1 million people living in malaria areas of the world andthat 270 million people develop new malaria infections every year (Hoffman,1991). Malaria is one of the planets deadliest disease and one of theleading causes of sickness in poor developing countries. Malaria is aserious, sometimes fetal disease caused by a parasite.
There are four typesof malaria that infect people: Plasmodium Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale,and P. Malaria. Because of this disease I will tell about all the symptoms,preventions, and the treatment to better inform you.Malaria affects mostly children and pregnant women. Malaria affectschildren mostly under five years of age. Every minute malaria kills threechildren a day (Rabinovich, 2002).
Pregnant women with malaria are mostlikely to develop anemia and with severe anemia there is a high risk tomaternal death. Infants born with mothers with malaria are more likely tohave low birth weight, which is the single greatest risk factor for deathduring the first months of life. As nurses we are to tell anyone who isgoing to a different country especially one that is infected with malariathat they have to take all the precautions to prevent malaria.
If they aretaking children, planning to have children, or they are already pregnantyou as nurses have to provide all the information to them to prevent therisk of them or their children from any harm.The first thing I wanted to talk about was the symptoms of malaria.When you are infected with malaria disease you may not even know you wereinfected. Most people get symptoms beginning ten days to four weeks afterinfected. They can feel ill early as eight days or up to a year later. Thistype of malaria P.
Vivax, P. Ovale can rest in theMalaria 4liver for several months up to four years after infection and later invadered blood cells causing sickness. Symptoms of malaria include fever, flulike illness, shaking chills, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting,and bloody diarrhea. Malaria can also cause jaundice because of the loss ofred blood cells.
If you have Plasmodium Falciparum you can have kidneyfailure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death. As nurses if apatient comes in with these symptoms you can just say its flu becausemalaria can seem like you have flu but you don’t. You have to ask them ifthey have been to any different country lately especially one with malaria.There have been a lot of deaths that could have been prevented if only thenurses and doctors had determined it wasn’t a flu but malaria and treatedit properly.I second thing wanted to talk about are the preventions of malaria.Malaria occurs mostly at night when the insects come out to feed.
You haveto wear long sleeve shirts and long pants and make sure you aren’t wearingdark color clothing. You also have to make sure you have insect repellenton when skin is exposed. When sleeping at night make sure to sleep underinsect repellant nets to prevent infection.The treatment of malaria includes several drugs. ChloroquineMefloquine is effective against all four human malaria (Hoffman, 1991).Malaria prevention is difficult and likely to change during the comingyears.