Unemployment is closely related to the increase in population. The population of this country is increasing by leaps and bounds. All the steps to control growing population will help in solving the problem of unemployment. Problem of educated unemployed is all the more serious. When the educated youth fail to get employment as per their capability, they turn hostile. They fall prey to anti-social elements. They exploit them to serve their ends. They become a challenge for the society. They create law and order problem. The country has not become so industrialized that it can accommodate the unemployed youth. This situation has led to migration. There is a lot of pressure on big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, etc. Every day thousands of youth reach these cities in search of employment. They create pressure on the civic amenities of these cities.
There are various factors behind the unprecedented growth of unemployment. Poverty constitutes one of the major factors. Besides, lack of proper planning, corruption and illiteracy are also contributing to this problem. The government is very keen on checking unemployment. It is initiating various schemes to contain the problem. Soft loans are being provided to the youth to start their own business. In addition, training programmes for short-term skills are also given to the youth. There are lots of institutes which offer training to youths for various programmes. With liberalisation, more and more companies are coming to India. They offer job opportunities. It is good for our country.
The situation is improving but with little pace. The most important thing is that government machinery should be sincere in implementing different schemes and programmes. Education should be made job-oriented. After the completion of education, our youth should not wait for employment. These measures will make a difference.