Raman also contributed to the establishment of the Indian Academy of Sciences. He served it as the President since its origin. Raman’s areas of research interest were optics and acoustics. He dedicated his entire career to them. In 1922, Raman first published his work on the ‘Molecular Diffraction of Light’, the first of a series of his investigations which led him to his landmark discovery—the Raman Effect—in 1928. His other interests include optics of colloids, electrical and magnetic anisotropy and physiology of human vision.
C.V. Raman had to his credit a number of awards and prizes, including the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954 and with the Lenin Prize in 1957. Besides, he had been honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. As a mark of honor to Raman’s discovery in 1928, India celebrates 28th February as National Science Day every year. This great genius of India passed away on 21 November, 1970.