Essay on Major Disorders that occurs in the Ear | Essay



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1. Balance disorder:

A disturbance that causes an individual to feel unsteady, giddy, woozy, or have a sensation of movement, spinning, or floating. An organ in our inner ear, the labyrinth, is an important part of our vestibular (balance) system.

2. Labyrinthitis:

An infection or inflammation of the inner ear causing dizziness and loss of balance.

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3. Meniere’s disease:

An inner ear fluid balance disorder that causes episodes of vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus (a ringing or roaring in the ears), and sensation of fullness in the ear.

4. Otitis media:

An infection or inflammation of the middle ear. This inflammation often begins when infections that cause sore throats, colds, or other respiratory or breathing problems spread to the middle ear.

5. Otalagia means earache.

6. Salpingitis:

Inflammation of eustachian tube (fallopian canal).

7. Presbyacusis:

Hearing loss occurring with age. It occurs due to decreased blood supply to the inner ear possibly due to heart disease, high blood pressure or arteriosclerosis or hereditary factors.

8. Hyperacusis:

A collapsed tolerance to normal environmental sounds. It is a rare hearing disorder whereby a person becomes highly sensitive to noise. It can affect people of all ages and is almost always accompanied by tinnitus.

9. Tinnitus:

A ringing sensation in the ears caused by irritative stimulation of either the inner ear or the vestibulocochlear nerve in this the person hears when there is no real sound. It is usually accompanied by hearing loss.

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