These processes include human resource planning, job and work design, job analysis, staffing, training and development, performance appraisal and review, compensation and reward, employee protection and representation and organisation improvement”. According to Dale Yoder, “the management of human resources is viewed as a system in which participants seeks to attain both individual and group goals”. According to Flippo, human resource management is “the planning, organising, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and reproduction of human resources to the end that individual, organisational and societal objectives are accomplished”.
Scott, Clothier and Spriegel have defined human resource management as “that branch of management which is responsible on a staff basis for concentrating on those aspects of relationship of management to employees and employees to employees and with the development of the individual and the group. The objective is to attain maximum individual development, desirable working relationship between employers and employees and employers and employees and effective molding of human resources as contrasted with physical resources”. In the words of Michael J Jucious, “Human resource management may be defined as that field of management which has to do with planning, organising and controlling the functions of procuring, developing, maintaining and utilising a labour force, such that the, (a) Objectives for which the company is established are attained economically and effectively, (b) Objectives of all levels of personnel are served to the highest possible degree, (c) Objectives of society are duly considered and served”. According to National Institute of Personnel Management of India, “Personnel management (or human resource management) is that part of management which is concerned with people at work and with their relationships within the organisation. If seeks to bring men and women who make up an enterprise, enabling each to make his own best contribution to its success both as an individual and as a member of a working group”.
Personnel management as defined by the Institute of Personnel Management in U.K. and subsequently adopted by Indian Institute of Personnel Management is as follows: “Personnel management is a responsibility of all those who manage people as well as being a description of the work of those who are employed as specialists. It is that part of management which is concerned with people at work and with their relationships within an enterprise. It applies not only to industry and commerce but to all fields of employment”.