In addition to age, gender is one of the universal dimensions on which status differences are based.
Gender is a social construction that specifies socially stereotyped roles that men and women are to follow. Women have always had lower status than men, but the extent of the gap between the sexes changes across cultures and time. In ancient Greek civilization, the role of women varies obviously from pre-classical times to the classical period. There was a huge social distinction between the women living in this society. Generally, there were three status levels a woman could evaluate in Ancient Athens; a citizen, a freedwoman and a slave.
Citizen womengained their citizenship at birth by being born from parents who were also citizen. This kind of women generally known as respectable and had to follow specific codes regarding their public and private behavior. Freedwomen consisted of the slaves who had acquired their freedom or foreigners from other countries who had settled in Greece to live.
Lastly, slaves were mostly foreigners who had been captured from conquered areas or were children of slaves. In Islam religion, there is no social distinction between women living in society obviously. On the other hand, wealth is an effective component which create social distinction between women. Greek women had not have a chance to control own right.
If they were married, control went to their husband. If they divorced, control and rights went back to their father. The primary duty of respectable women were in charge of houseworks for instance, raising children, making family clothes etc. Society limited the women time at outside home. “Women run households and protect within their homes what has been carried across the sea, and without a woman no home is clean or prosperous.
Consider their role in religion, for that, in my opinion, comesfirst…