Colombia is a country located at the north tip of South America. It is bounded by Panama and the Carribean Sea in the north, by Venezuela and Brazil in the east , by Peru and Ecuador in the south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
Colombia is one of the largest South American countries at 439, 733 sq. miles, or about the size of Texas and California combined. Colombia is a mainly Spanish speaking, Catholic country, but has a diverse population. The capital city is Bogota, and the entire country has a population of about The Colombian people have a very diverse culture. About 58 percent of the people are of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry, or mestizo, about 20 percent are of unmixed European ancestry, and about 14 percent are of mixed black and white ansetry, or mullatto. The other 8 percent is made up of blacks, Native Americans, and people of mixed race. Colombia also has the largest Catholic population in the world.
Colombia’s 1991 constitution, which replaced a charter dating from 1886, gave Colombia a highly centralized republican form of government. The constitution is based on three different branches of government: the executives, represented by the president and his cabinet; the legislative, which is made up of the senate and the house of representatives; and the judiciary, which is responsible for the legal admisitration. The president is elected by popular vote, for a four year term. When his term finishes he cannot be reelected for another term. There is also a vice president. Senators and representatives are elected in the same year as the president. The senate has 102 directly elected members and the house of representatives has 165 members. There are seats that are designated for minority groups such as the Native Americans, who have two seats in the Senate, and the blacks and guerrillas, who also have two seats in the House of.