The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person — it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one’s fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies.
It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin’s policy of Soviet expansion. It is necessary, therefore, to examine the role of Stalin as a catalyst to the Cold War.
Stalin’s foreign policies contributed an enormous amount to the tensions of the Cold War. His aim, to take advantage of the military situation in post-war Europe to strengthen Russian influence, was perceived to be a threat to the Americans. Stalin was highly effective in his goal to gain territory, with victories in Poland, Romania, and Finland. To the western world, this success looked as if it were the beginning of serious Russian aggressions. The western view of the time saw Stalin as doing one of two things: either continuing the expansionist policies of the tsars that preceded him, or worse, spreading communism across the world now that his “one-state” notion had been fulfilled. It also must be mentioned that Stalin is seen as wanting “unchalleged personal power and a rebuilt Russia strong enough to withstand ‘caplitalist encirclement.'”1
Admittedly, thefirst view of Stalin, as an imperialist leader, may be skewed. The Russians claim, and have always claimed, that Stalin’s motives were purely defensive. Stalin’s wished to create a buffer zone of Communist states around him to protect Soviet Russia from the capitalist West. In this sense, his moves were not aggressive at all — they were truly defensive moves to protect the Soviet system. His suspicions of Western hostility were not unfounded: the British an…
The cold war erupted in 1945 for various reasons. To a large extent of hostility arose from the American's side, as well as from the Soviet's side.There were many things that occurred during 1945-1948, from thefirst conflicts between Russia and the U.S. in Iran to the Berlin Blockade in 1948. As well as past conflicts contributed to the Cold War. And as time passed, more and more tension grew between the two nations.From past conflicts to apposing worldviews, tension grew.
One of thefirst things that sparked tension between the U.S. and Russia was the conflicts between Russia and the U.S. in Iran. For six months after the war, there was to be no foreign troops in Iran.However, the Soviet did not remove their troops. What's even worse the Soviets decided while they're there, why don't the help spread communism in Azerbaijan.I ran also began to take over parts of northern Iran.This began to spark a little tension out of the Americans and the British, for they feared that if not acted upon sooner, the entire country would have been taken.Therefore the British and the Americans decided to put some pressure upon the Soviets and push them from Iran.
Another problem during 1946 was the intrusion of the eastern Mediterranean.America saw the threat when Stalin decided to send 25 Soviet divisions into Turkey. SO America decided to flex her arms and really show how powerful the U.S. is by showing off their nuclear weapons.That did the trick, and before you know it the Soviets went into submission.
As the Soviet power began to take more and more in Western Europe, The Americans were getting more and more nervous.They Americans knew that the economy of Western Europe was at a low, and was not equipped enough to defend them against Russia.So the Americans decided to do something about it, they produced the Marshall Plan.This gave economic help to nations outside of the Soviet control.