During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union.The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism.As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own.During reconstruction, the legislative and executive branches eventually came to blows over the use of power.
The nation was being altered by forces which caused, and later repaired, Attack on Fort Sumter prompted four more states ,Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, to join the Confederacy (South).Eventually, the residents of the western counties of Virginia didn’t wish to secede along with the rest of the state.This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the states of West Virginia in June 20, 1863.
On June 1861, public demand pushed General- in-Chief Winfield Scott to advance on the South before adequately training his untried troops.Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to advance on Confederate troops stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia, where near the Capital of South, Richmond.Then McDowell attacked in July 21, and was initially successful, but the introduction of Confederate reinforcements resulted in a Southern victory and a retreat toward Washington by the strong federal troops.From this battle, First Battle of Bull Run, everyone finally realized that the war would last much longer than what they thought.
After the Battle of Bull Run, each side began to train its troops and to plan strategy for the war.There were differences between both side’s strategies. Much of the North’s strategy depended on geography and they wanted to control over Mississippi River because it would enable the North to penetrate deep .