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Procedure when investigation cannot be completed within twenty-four hours (Section 167 of CrPc)

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According to Section 167(2-A) of the Code, when a Judicial Magistrate is not available, the copy of the entries in the case diary as well as the accused person as mentioned above may be transmitted to the nearest executive magistrate on whom the powers of a judicial magistrate or metropolitan magistrate have been conferred. (2) […]

Importance of Power and Authority in Public Administrations – Essay

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He distinguished between a manager’s official authority of position (formal authority) and his personal authority, which derives from knowledge and experience. Power on the other hand, is the ability to exert influence by which a manager directs the actions of others. The term ‘power’ connotes ability or capacity to do something or to get intended […]

Short Essay on Nominal Group Technique

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NGT passes through several stages. After the problem is stated clearly, group members sit together quietly and individually generate as many alternatives as they can. After about fifteen minutes, ideas are presented in round-robin fashion. Each individual presents a single idea, taking turns, until all the group’s ideas have been presented. The leader records them […]

Essay on Prohibitions in Social Welfare Programme in India

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In December, 1954, the Prohibition Enquiry Committee was appointed to suggest a programme and machinery for the implementation of the directive in the light of the experience of the State in implementing their prohibition policies in the past. As a result of the recommendations of the Committee, the Lok Sabha resolved to form a programme […]

Psychological Differences between Private and Public Administration – Essay

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Financial Meticulousness: Public administration has to be very careful in financial matters. The misuse of a single penny may raise a storm in the country and compel the government to resign. The public money is to be spent meticulously and according to the prescribed procedure. The executive does not control finance. It is the legislature […]

Procedure when bond has been forfeited (Section 446 of CrPc)

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As per explanation provided to Section 446, a condition in a bond for appearance, or for production of property, before a Court shall be construed as including a condition for appearance, or as the case may be, for production of property, before any Court to which the case may subsequently be transferred. (2) If sufficient […]

Short Essay on Beggary (300 Words)

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An attempt is also made to distinguish between the professional able bodied beggars and the diseased and handicapped beggars who have taken to beggary in the absence of a suitable avenue of employment. The Criminal Procedure Code treats vagrants and vagabonds alike and provides penalties under sections 55(l)(b) and 109 (b). Beggary within railway premises […]

Authority is given to the Position and not to the Position-Holder – Essay

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So, whosoever, is assigned the position, will enjoy the authority attached to that position. Authority is not changed later on according to the person concerned who holds that position. However, in small organization, change according to the person holding the position, may be accepted. In Writing: Authority is generally granted in writing to each position […]

Essay on Public Bureaucracy (426 Words)

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(1) The most important functions are directed towards nation building and economic growth. “The importance of public administration in the emerging countries of Africa and Asia goes beyond directing the organisational process in economic and social fields. It has the immense task of creating a national unity and national personality capable of surmounting the centrifugal […]

Procedure when corporation or registered society is an accused (Section 305 of CrPc)

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(2) Where a corporation is the accused person or one of the accused persons in an inquiry or trial, it may appoint a representative for the purpose of the inquiry or trial and such appointment need not be under the seal of the corporation. (3) Where a representative of a corporation appears, any requirement of […]

Essay on Zero Based Budgeting (ZBB)

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Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB) is an emerging process, adopted’ by a variety of industrial organizations as well as state and municipal governments in U.S.A. ZBB was developed at Texas Instruments Inc. during 1969. The process was first adopted in government by Governor Jimmy Carter (who later become President of the United States) of Georgia for […]

Procedure where Court considers that case should not be dealt (Section 345 of CrPc)

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The Magistrate to whom any case is forwarded under this Section shall proceed to deal with, as far as may be, as if it were instituted on a police report. According to Section 347 of the Code, when the State Government so directs, any Registrar or sub-Registrar appointed under the Registration Act, 1908, shall be […]

Growth of Bureaucracy in Developing Countries – Essay

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They were highly centralised with small amount of internal differentiation. Their functions were limited to basic administrative services like revenue and law and order. They helped to establish the framework of modern legal and administrative practices. They were highly apolitical i.e. politically neutral. They served the colonial masters who were not politically responsible. These bureaucratic […]

Essay on Total Quality Management (1190 Words)

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The Japanese use the term “Kaizen” to describe the ongoing process of continuous improvement. While the concepts of continuous improvement and total quality management require a complete overhaul of management philosophy and organizational culture, managers can rely on several specific tools and techniques for improving quality. Some of the approaches and methodologies for quality improvement […]