In the history of no other nation we find the supreme wisdom and the distilled essence of the philosophical inquiries conducted by our forefathers ever intent on analyzing the mysteries of life. If you go to the Burlap Planetarium at the Perkily Science Centre in Gundy, Chennai, a video shown on the screen explains that from an unimaginably powerful dot of light the universes formed in some seconds. The NASA TV programmed of the USA testifies to this wonderful fact. This is modern astronomy but this astronomical truth that the universes.
Unnumbered, formed in a fraction of a second from a highly powerful glow was propounded by our ancient astronomers. Dwelling on the political aspect of our country, we say it is a secular State. A secular state encourages the practice of all religions.
It does not differentiate people of one religion from the people of another religion. It does social justice to the minority groups like the Buddhists, Janis, Muslims, and Christians etc. The Constitution of India assures certain basic rights to the people like the right for freedom of expression, the right to education, the right to practice one’s religion and so on. India is a multilingual, multi-cultural and multi-religious country.
The system of castes in India is most deplorable. There are hundreds of castes. People of some castes are said to be superior in status to people of some other castes. A Brahmin is the highest in the hierarchy of the caste system. The Harriman belongs to the lowest caste.
Besides the main four castes, viz., the Brahmin caste, the Kshatriya caste, the Vaidya caste and the Sutra caste there are umpteen divisions and sub-divisions in the caste system. There are people belonging to the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes. The tribal people live in remote mountains or dense forests. This complex caste system has divided India into many sections.
In this confusing multiplicity of languages, cultures and castes we have to bring about unity. We have to see unity in diversity. This is the peculiar nature of India. No other country has so many castes, so many languages and so many cultures.
The urban people are advanced socially while the people in the rural side live unexposed to the advancing civilisation. Considering that a large section of Indians are socially and economically backward the Indian Government introduced the system of reservation for the backward and the most backward classes in the educational institutions and in the Government offices. This is social justice to the economically and socially backward people. There is a complaint that the educational merit and employability of some candidates belonging to the forward castes is not taken into consideration. But the reservation system for the backward students is only a step in the direction of doing social justice to all. At one stage India was one large, undivided country. Later it was divided into several linguistic states according to the language spoken in a State. The States in India are: Karalla, Tamil Nadir, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orison, Assam, Bihar, West Bengal, Harahan, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim and Maharashtra.
The linguistic States were formed for administrative convenience. India is one of the largest democracies. After India attained political independence in August, 1947, it was declared as a Republic in 1950.
India has made tremendous advance in many fields, especially in the fields of science and technology. India is a country which has developed atom bombs. It has made much progress in space research.
It is fast developing country and like Japan and China it will soon achieve spectacular progress in all fields.