Wood is the most valuable product that trees give us. We use wood in many ways. Wood is used as fuel and firewood. Wood is used to make furniture. Wood is also used to lay the tracks of the railways. Trees are good sources of medicinal herbs, lace and raw materials for many industries. We get resins, natural gums, etc. from the trees.
The bamboo is an important variety of tree which grows in abundance. It is of great commercial value. It is found everywhere. It is used as building material for making temporary shed. It is an important source of shelter for the poor and economically weaker people. Bamboo is used for making mats, fence, basket and various items of handicrafts. Bamboo is used as raw material for making paper.
Cane is another variety of tree which is used for many purposes. Mats, ropes and furniture are made from cane. Furniture made of cane is highly artistic, beautiful and costly. Lac is one of the most valuable forest products of India. It is used for making bangles and other useful items. We get honey from bees. Though honey is produced by bees, bees thrive on trees. Trees serve as fodder to different animals. Many insects, birds and animals live on trees.
Babul, Dhaora, Salat, Kulu and Bigasal are some varieties of trees which yield gum. Gum is used in different ways and is also exported to different countries. It is a good source of foreign exchange. We get turpentine from pine trees. It is used in paint and varnish industry. The kendu leaves are used for biri making. It provides employment to many people particularly in rural areas. Besides, they are good source of revenue for the state governments.
Trees help in maintaining the fertility of soil. They check soil erosion. They help in drought and flood control. Trees cause rainfall. They maintain ecological balance. They help in cleaning environment. They are good source of fresh air. We breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide. We get oxygen from the trees and they absorb the carbon dioxide that we exhale. Trees add to the natural beauty.
Unfortunately, trees are being cut indiscriminately. Rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth have contributed to the loss of trees. In this way we have done great loss to ourselves.
It is the crying need of the hour to plant more and more trees. Trees are valuable natural resource. We should conserve them. We should promote afforestation. This is good for larger benefit of society.