The U.N. Charter emphasizes that all disputes among the nations should be settled through negotiations. It has clearly stipulated that no nation should resort to military action against another nation, however complex the political issues between them are. This is a very good condition, but the member-nations resort to military action against an enemy nation for flimsy reasons.
The U.N. has laid down a condition that the member- nations should extend whatever assistance, whether political, economic or military, to the U.N. if it needs such assistance. Another condition is that the U.N. should not interfere in the internal matters of a country unless its assistance is called for.
The membership of the U.N. is open to any peace- loving nation which wants to establish good relations with its neighboring countries. The U.N. has various wings to look after the various aspects of a nation’s welfare. They are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the cadre of secretaries whose head is the Secretary- General. The Security Council has as its objective the promotion of international peace. Its permanent members are: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the U.S. and ten non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly.
The Economic and Social Trusteeship Council works under the authority of the General Assembly. It looks after the economic and social activities of the U.N. The Council has fifty-four members. Eighteen members are elected each year by the Assembly for a three-year term.
The Trusteeship Council has the job of supervising the administration of the territories placed under the international trusteeship system.
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial system of the U.N. It is located at The Hague.
The main official languages of the U.N. are: English, Chinese, Russian, Spanish, French and Arabic. The U.N. looks after the exploration of the outer space for beneficial uses. One of the main objectives of the U.N. is the promotion of the human rights and equality of all races. The universal declaration of the human rights is a milestone in its career.