Despite its shortcomings democracy is still our best bet because its virtues outweigh the problems it brings. Besides, it is the form of governance that best guarantees the most active participation of the governed in the governance.
There are two kinds of democracy – Direct and Indirect. In Switzerland there is direct democracy where the head of the State is directly elected by the people.
In case of indirect democracy, like in India, the Government is formed by peoples’ representatives elected as members of Parliament and such elected representatives choose the Prime Minister. Similarly, at the State level the members of legislative assembly are elected directly by the people and they elect the Chief Minister.
In India, the President is elected through the Electoral College system where the elected members vote on the basis of representation. The Governors for the States are appointed by the President himself and the elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India.
The basic features of Indian democracy are liberty, equality and fraternity. The freedom of thought, speech and expression form the corner stone of this democratic nation.