Month: February 2020

Essay on the biography of Chanakya (Kautilya)

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Arthashastra is thus, the art of governance in its widest sense. The subjects covered include administration, law and order, taxation, revenue, foreign policy, defence, war. Kautilya was not the originator of the science. He acknowledges that it is based on similar treatise of the past. There are believed to be thirteen individual teachers of Artha […]

Essay on Matriarchal Theory

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The advocates of the Matriarchal Theory maintain that patriarchal family is possible where either the monogamous or the polygamous institution of marriage exists. Such an institution of marriage did not exist in the beginning of society. The earliest form of marriage was polyandry, one wife having several husbands. Wherever such an institution of marriage is […]

1167 words free essay on Christmas

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In the first few centuries AD, Christmas as such did not exist – the Christian Church only celebrated the festival of the Resurrection. According to a Roman almanac, Christmas was being celebrated in Rome by 336 AD. In 354 AD Pope Liberus instituted the Nativity on 25 December. After that Christmas was established in the […]

Meaning and Nature of Public Opinion – Essay

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In a non-democratic polity opinion is mere acquiescence, a quiet consent or submission due to either respect for authority, habit of obedience or fear of tyranny. It is neither spontaneous nor the expression of individual’s free and considered judgement. In authoritarian regimes it is tailor-made, regimented and ideological. A free expression of opinion emerging from […]

Essay on Coal as non-renewable sources of Energy

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Due to water logging in low-lying swampy areas or in slowly sinking lagoons, dead trees and plants did not decompose as they normally would. The dead plant matter was covered with water and protected from the oxidizing effect of air. The action of certain bacteria released the oxygen and hydrogen, making the residue richer and […]

Essay on the Doctrine of Separation of Powers (1784 Words)

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That government was deemed best which governed least as it existed to protect and restrain, not to foster and promote. But today, even the most conservative person is unable to .think of government in purely passive terms. The intensive integration and complexity of modem industrial society, and the accepted concept of a Welfare State demand […]

812 words free essay on Corruption in India

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A decade ago this would not have been the case given that the monopoly status of the government telephone company gave its minions enormous power to seek a bribe every time a telephone user interacted with the operator. The railways used to be a den of corruption till computerization and improved working conditions for staff […]

Essay on the Local Government – Political Science

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Sidgwick says that the term local government in a unitary State means organs, which though completely subordinate to the central legislature, are independent of the central executive in appointment and to some extent in their decisions, and exercise a partially independent control over certain parts of public finance. As regards the constitutional relationship between the […]

980 words essay on different types of Sharks

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In all, there are 30 families of sharks and they contain the 350 or more different kinds or species of sharks. The eight major orders of sharks include the Squantiformes, Pristiophormes, Squaliformes, Hexanchiformes, Lamniformes, Carcharhiniformes, Orectolobiformes, and the Heterodotiformes. The orders have distinguishing characteristics that fit in each. The Squantiformes normally have flat bodies that […]

490 words short essay on reading books

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Reading books can develop a person’s comprehension by learning new words. The easiest way to do this is to look up words in the dictionary that are not understood when they are first read. Writing these words down and reciting them aloud also help to establish them in memory. Incorporating these new words in everyday […]

Meaning of Rule of Law in British Constitution – Essay

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The test is that all actions of government can be appealed against in the ordinary law courts. This remains the general rule, though in recent years there have been encroachments upon it and they have excited some alarm. The “rule of law” is the product of centuries of struggle of the people for the recognition […]

Essay on the biography of Elizabeth I – The Reformer Queen

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The few remaining returned home, to Spain. The outcome for England led them to explore overseas. Later, Elizabeth faced two more major problems. One was the religious persecution left behind by her stepsister Mary. The other was a problem dealing with Parliament. The religious problem in England was becoming more and more corrupt. The puritans […]

Essay on Term of Government Executives

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Herman Finer says that “it is most useful to look upon the executive as the residuary legatee, for that explains the mixed nature of its functions and parts.” In early times, all power, of every kind, rested with one single person, the prince, and he exercised that power with his narrow circle of advisers. They […]

Essay on emergency provisions and authoritarian powers as per our constitution

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President’s Rule has been imposed frequently, and its use is often politically motivated. During the terms of prime ministers Nehru and Lai Bahadur Shastri, from 1947 to 1966, it was imposed ten times. Under Indira Gandhi’s two tenures as prime minister (1966-77 and 1980-84), President’s Rule was imposed forty-one times. Despite Mrs. Gandhi’s frequent use […]

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