Month: January 2019

Procedure when corporation or registered society is an accused (Section 305 of CrPc)

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(2) Where a corporation is the accused person or one of the accused persons in an inquiry or trial, it may appoint a representative for the purpose of the inquiry or trial and such appointment need not be under the seal of the corporation. (3) Where a representative of a corporation appears, any requirement of […]

Essay on Zero Based Budgeting (ZBB)

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Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB) is an emerging process, adopted’ by a variety of industrial organizations as well as state and municipal governments in U.S.A. ZBB was developed at Texas Instruments Inc. during 1969. The process was first adopted in government by Governor Jimmy Carter (who later become President of the United States) of Georgia for […]

Procedure where Court considers that case should not be dealt (Section 345 of CrPc)

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The Magistrate to whom any case is forwarded under this Section shall proceed to deal with, as far as may be, as if it were instituted on a police report. According to Section 347 of the Code, when the State Government so directs, any Registrar or sub-Registrar appointed under the Registration Act, 1908, shall be […]

Growth of Bureaucracy in Developing Countries – Essay

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They were highly centralised with small amount of internal differentiation. Their functions were limited to basic administrative services like revenue and law and order. They helped to establish the framework of modern legal and administrative practices. They were highly apolitical i.e. politically neutral. They served the colonial masters who were not politically responsible. These bureaucratic […]

Essay on Total Quality Management (1190 Words)

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The Japanese use the term “Kaizen” to describe the ongoing process of continuous improvement. While the concepts of continuous improvement and total quality management require a complete overhaul of management philosophy and organizational culture, managers can rely on several specific tools and techniques for improving quality. Some of the approaches and methodologies for quality improvement […]

The International Quality Standards – Essay

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Quality is so important internationally that a number of quality standards have been developed. Leaders in the quality area are Japan, United States and the European Community (EC). Japan’s Industrial Standard: The Japanese specification for quality management is published as Industrial Standard Z 8101-1981. The standard states. “Implementing quality control effectively necessitates the cooperation of […]

Short Essay on Re-engineering (650 Words)

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Reengineering, as defined by Hammer and Champy, “is the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service, and speed.” The first key word in this definition is “fundamental”. The most fundamental questions a company asks itself is “why do we […]

Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace (Section 145 of CrPc)

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(2) For the purpose of Section 145 of the Code, the expression “land or water” includes buildings, markets, fisheries, crops or other produce of land, and the rents or profits of any such property. (3) A copy of the order shall be served in the manner provided by the Code of Criminal Procedure for the […]

The Gurus of Quality under Total Quality Management

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ii. Joseph M. Juran: Juran defines quality as fitness for use in terms of design, conformance, availability, safety and field use. His concept of quality is consistent with the point of view of the customer. He proposed that quality should be viewed as an investment in a firm’s profitability. White Deming emphasized worker involvement and […]

Essay on the Importance of Product Quality

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In particular, quality affects a firm in the following ways. 1. Improved profitability: Improved quality results in improved profitability due to potential increase in market share as well as cost savings. The cost savings are a result of lower rework and scrap costs, less wastage and lower warranty costs. The increase in market share is […]

The Principles of Quality Improvement those are expressed by Dr. Deming’s

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With the advent of mass production and assembly line production and complexity of production processes, the quality of output product became more variable and less dependable. This was in complete contrast to the craftsmanship of the 18th and 19th centuries when production volume was small and each item was produced with substantial care so that […]

Essay on the Characteristics of Quality as Defined by defined by Ruch, Fearon and Wieters

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Some of these characteristics are defined by Ruch, Fearon and Wieters as follows: 1. Functionality: Functionality refers to the performance of the product. It can be measured either on a yes-no basis such as whether a radio works or not or it can be measured on a continuous basis such as how many miles a […]

Quality of Management Information System – Essay

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1. Involve top management in the design of MIS. This involvement would mean greater acceptance and commitment resulting in overall commitment to the program by all-level users. 2. Build cooperation between designers and the users of the programme. This cooperation will result in proper feedback on the quality of information being received so that any […]

Production of a child before the Child Welfare Committee (Section 32 of the Juvenile Justice)

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(ii) Any public servant; (iii) Child line, a registered voluntary organization or by such other voluntary organization or an agency as may be recognized by the State Government; (iv) Any social worker or a public spirited citizen; or (v) By the child himself: Provided that the child shall be produced before the Committee without any […]